SIR EDUARDO PAOLOZZI

Biography

(1924-2005; Edinburgh, Scotland)
British sculptor, collagist, printmaker, filmmaker, and writer

Sir Eduardo Paolozzi created some of the finest examples of British pop art. In the 1940s and ’50s, he made sculptures and collages that combined surrealism with pop culture and modern machinery. In the 1960s, he further incorporated machinery into his art. He spent the 1970s working on abstract art reliefs. Through the 1980s and ’90s, he took public commissions. He died on April 22, 2005, in London, England.

In the late 1940s, Paolozzi spent time in Paris, France, shadowing such surrealist artists as Jean Dubuffet and Alberto Giacometti. During this time, Paolozzi started making sculptures and collages that uniquely combined the influences of surrealism with elements of popular culture and contemporary machinery. A collection of Paolozzi’s collages, comprised of clippings he pulled from magazines American soldiers had given him in Paris, were later displayed in a slideshow at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in 1952. To many, the slideshow designated Paolozzi as the “inventor of Pop Art.”

In the 1960s, Paolozzi further incorporated the theme of modern machinery into his art, through collaboration with industry engineering companies—which provided him with materials, equipment and workspace. Aluminum became Paolozzi’s new material of choice, as he littered his work with discarded machine parts. Fused together through drilling, bolting and welding, the sum total of the parts produced ground-breaking artwork with sharp geometric edges that still managed to be suggestive of the human form. Through his industrial art, Paolozzi made a social statement about man’s role in the age of technology.

Selected Exhibitions
2016/17 This Was Tomorrow: Pop Art in Great Britain, Kunstmuseum, Wolfburg, Germany
2016     This is Today, Gazelli Art House, London, United Kingdom
2011     Archaeology of a Used Future, Jonathan Clark Fine Art, London
2007    Physiognomy, Flowers Central, London
2007    Moonstrip Empire News Portfolio, Flowers Central
2006   Collage & Construction, Sidney Cooper Gallery, Canterbury
2005   Heads, Flowers Graphics, London
2005   Sculpture from the 1960s, Flowers Central, London
2005   Projects: 1975 – 2000, Flowers East, London
2004   Bunk!, Flowers Central, London
2004   Works on Paper and Collage, Flowers, New York
2004   Paolozzi at 80, Dean Gallery, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
2004   Bunk!, Flowers Central, London
2004   Works on Paper and Collage, Flowers, New York
2004   Paolozzi at 80, Dean Gallery, National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh
2000   Artificial Horizons and Eccentric Ladders, Flowers East Gallery, London
1988    Paolozzi Portraits, National Portrait Gallery, London
1986    Eduardo Paolozzi Underground, Royal Academy of Arts, London
1984    Eduardo Paolozzi: Private Vision – Public Art, The Architectural Organization, London
1979     The Development of an Idea, Glasgow League of Artists, Glasgow, Scotland and touring to Crawford Centre, University of St Andrews, Scotland; Talbot Rice Arts Centre, University of Edinburgh
1975     Nationalgalerie, West Berlin (retrospective)
1975     Arts Council of Great Britain, touring exhibition, London
1973     Victoria and Albert Museum, London, and touring
1971      Tate Gallery, London (Retrospective)
1968    Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1960    30th Venice Biennale; retrospective in British Pavilion, then touring to Belgrade, Paris, Bochum, Brussels, Oslo, Denmark, Amsterdam, Baden-Baden and Tübingen

Selected Public Collections
The Fleming Collection, London
The Nickle Arts Museum, Calgary, AB
University Art Museum University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY
University Gallery and Baring Wing – Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne
Yorkshire Sculpture Park – YSP, Wakefield, West Yorkshire
Pomona College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD
Royal Academy of Arts, London
Rugby Art Gallery & Museum, Rugby, Warwickshire
SCAG – Southampton City Art Gallery, Southampton
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
Stiftung Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum Center of International Sculpture, Duisburg
Storm King Art Center, Mountainville, NY
Tate Britain, London
Tate Modern, London
MoMA – Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
Museo de Arte Carrillo Gil, Mexico City
Museu de Arte Contemporda Universidade de SPaulo, SPaulo
Museum der Moderne Salzburg, Salzburg
Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, Wellington
National Gallery of Canada – Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON
NPG – National Portrait Gallery, London
Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW
Berardo Museum – Collection of Modern and Contemporary Art, Lisbon
Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery, Birmingham
Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, ON
Cass Sculpture Foundation, Chichester, West Sussex
Centro de Arte Moderna José de Azeredo Perdig- FundaçCalouste Gulbenkian, Lisbon
City Art Centre, Edinburgh
Kawasaki City Museum, Kawasaki

Education
1943     Edinburg College of Art, Edinburg
1944     St Martin’s School of Art, London
1945    Slade School of Fine Art, London

Awards/ Qualifications/Teachings
1947/50 Taught Sculpture at St Martin’s School of Art, London
1953    British Critics Prize
1960    David E Bright Foundation for best sculptor under 45, given at 30th Venice Biennale
1961     Watson F Blair prize by jury of 64th Annual American Exhibition in Chicago
1967       Purchase prize at International Sculpture Exhibition for Contemporary Painting and  Sculpture, Pittsburgh
1968    Lecturer in Ceramics at Royal College of Art, London

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